Newsroom Image - child playing with toy horse


25 years of The Children Act 1989 - What did it change?

Since the introduction of the Children Act in 1989, read as we examine the impact it's had on family law and how it's used to determine child disputes.

01 November 2016

When was the Children Act 1989 introduced?

It's been 25 years since the Children Act 1989 was introduced on 14 October 1991.

The act provides the court with a toolkit so it can try to find a fair outcome to children custody, known as children law, cases.

At the time the Children Act was lauded by Lord Chancellor as being the "most comprehensive and far reaching reform of child law which has come before Parliament in living memory”.

Prior to 1991 the legislation dealing with different aspects of Children Law was disparate. Whether that be private disputes between parents of a child, or public law cases involving the local authority social services, on behalf of the state.

What was the Children Act 1989 set to accomplish?

The introduction of the act at the time stated an intention to “reform the law relating to children” which although certainly was the case, opinions will inevitably differ depending on an individual’s experience of the legislation in action.

  • The child's welfare 'shall be the court's paramount consideration'
  • Delay in resolving matters is 'likely to prejudice the welfare of the child'
  • The court 'shall not make any order unless it considers that doing so would be better for the child than making no order at all' otherwise known as the 'No Order' principle

The issue of delay hasn’t historically been high up on the court’s agenda. This has now changed substantially. Nowadays the Family Court deals with such applications as well as the Public Law Outline and Child Arrangements Programme. Tighter case management powers have been introduced, including timescales for dealing with cases for the court, when dealing with public and private law cases respectively.

The welfare test

The ‘welfare test’ is determined by the Family Court with reference to the welfare checklist, which is set out in the Children Act 1989. This includes but is not limited to matters such as the child’s needs, wishes and feelings, age, sex, and background. It also considers the impact of any proposed changes in the child’s upbringing when making an order.

Application of the welfare test can result in perceived ‘rights’ of adults taking a backseat when compared to the needs of the child concerned. This is particularly true when courts take a long-term view of what might be considered in a child’s best interests. In practical terms, this can mean that the emotional needs of a child take priority over a parent’s desire to spend time with their children.

Not being able to spend time with your child is clearly a difficult prospect for a loving parent to accept. A recent insertion into the Children Act 1989 called the “presumption of parental involvement” offers some reassurance. However, this is not an assertion of a child spending a minimum amount, or even direct, time with both its parents. The child’s best interests are still considered the most important factor in whether, where, when or how a child should spend time with all its family members.

Contact us

Each family is unique, no two situations the same and there is no ‘one size fits all’ solution. Our family law experts understand this and work to get the best solution for you and your children. Call us on freephone 0330 107 4994 or contact us online.

All the above information was correct at the time of publication.

Find out more from our experts
Mother and daughter hugging
Family law
Family law solicitors

We understand life’s journey doesn’t always go as planned. If you need a solicitor on your side, our expert family law team is on hand to ensure any challenges faced become less overwhelming, so you can move forward with confidence.

Child maintenance lawyers
Family Law
Child maintenance guide
Ideally, separated or divorced parents will reach a Family-Based Agreement for child maintenance. When this doesn't happen, our family lawyers are here to help.
Woman hugging child under trees
Court of protection
What is an infant settlement trust?
Infant Settlement Trusts can be accessed by a parent/guardian or solicitor and allow access to the compensation which can be used for treatment, maintenance and education of the child without additional approval from the court. The Trust can also continue after the age of 18 and this can be extremely useful if claiming any means tested benefits.
Father slouching and embracing son
Children's law
How can our children's law solicitors help?
We understand that putting the needs of your child first is important, so our expert team is on hand to offer you the best advice. No matter how complex the situation is, we will work with you to reach the best agreement for you and your children. Click on our areas of expertise below to learn more about how we can help you, or call us now if you’d rather chat through your options.
Search our website
Sorry, we have no results to show
Please try a different search term.
Oops, something went wrong
Please try typing in your search again.
Back to top