Laws against sex discrimination have been in place since 1975, but several extra measures have been added over the years. The main legislative framework was contained within the Sex Discrimination Act 1975, (”the SDA”).
As of 1st October 2010, most existing equality legislation (including the SDA) was consolidated into the Equality Act 2010 (the Act). The legislation creates four types of discrimination: direct, indirect, harassment and victimisation.
Although the definitions of discrimination in the Act are phrased in terms of discrimination against women, men are given the same protection, apart from specific protections relating to pregnancy and childbirth.