The Equality Act 2010 (the Act) provides protection against discrimination on the basis of race. Race includes colour, nationality, and ethnic or national origins. Colour means any colour, including white, black or brown.
For the purposes of the Act, an ethnic group must have a long shared history and its own cultural tradition. There may also be other relevant characteristics that assist in establishing an ethnic group, such as shared language, geographical descent or religion. Sikhs and Jews have established that they are an ethnic group, whereas Rastafarians and Muslims have not. Rastafarians and Muslims would however be protected by the provisions on religious discrimination.