A new report from charity Amnesty International has found a number of problems with the way transgender people are treated in Europe.
It has previously been estimated there are as many as 1.5 million transgender people in the continent, but rights campaigns for this group have not been as successful as those for gay, lesbian and bisexual people.
Marco Perolini, Amnesty International's expert on sex discrimination said, "Many transgender people have to overcome enormous difficulties in coming to terms with their identity, and problems are often compounded by blatant state discrimination."
One of the main findings of the report entitled 'The state decides who I am: lack of legal recognition for transgender people in Europe', was that procedures in place in Denmark, Ireland, Finland, France, Norway, Belgium and Germany do not properly protect this group from harm.
Victoria, a transgender woman living in Dublin, told Amnesty International the lack of legal gender recognition in Ireland is breaching her human rights.
"It's ridiculous that the state doesn't recognise me as who I am," she added.
By Francesca Witney